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Brief overview of solar energy- (How dose a soler panel works)

practical use of solar panels, big solar projects, renewable energy, solar energy harness
Fig: practical use of solar panels in a large quantity

Solar energy is one of the most efficient and environmentally friendly methods of electricity generation. It harnesses the sun’s natural energy to produce clean, renewable energy that may be utilized to power your home or company. The photovoltaic cells that make up solar panels convert sunlight into electricity. Solar panels can be used to power your home or business, or the energy can be stored in batteries for later use. Solar energy is a clean and sustainable energy source that is gaining popularity as a means to minimize our reliance on fossil fuels. If you’re considering converting to solar energy, there are several things you should know. This article will provide an introduction to solar panels for the home. We will discuss the fundamentals of solar electricity, its advantages, and what you need to know if you’re considering installing solar panels in your home.

Why Should we use Solar Power?

There are numerous benefits to using solar energy to power your home. Solar power is a clean and renewable source of energy, which means it doesn’t produce harmful emissions or pollute the environment. It’s also a very efficient way to generate electricity, and it can save you money on your energy bills in the long run. Solar power is a great option for those who want to reduce their carbon footprint and do their part to combat climate change. It’s also a good choice for those who want to be more independent from traditional energy sources like coal and natural gas. And, as solar technology continues to advance, it’s becoming increasingly more affordable for homeowners to install solar panels.


How does a solar panel work?


A solar panel collects solar energy from the sun and converts it into electricity.

It typically consists of silicon, boron, and phosphorus layers arranged in layers, with the boron layer providing the positive charge, the phosphorus layer providing the negative charge, and the silicon wafer acting as the semiconductor.

When photons from the sun strike the solar panel’s surface, electrons are ejected from the silicon “sandwich” and into the electric field generated by the solar cells. This generates a directed current that is then converted into useful power.

A typical solar panel consists of 60, 72, or 90 photovoltaic cells, which is why it is also known as a photovoltaic panel or PV panel.


Solar panels can be classified into four main types

Solar panels are available in four major types today: monocrystalline, polycrystalline, PERC, and thin-film.

monocrystalline crystal Solar panels

Single-crystal panels are constructed by cutting a single pure silicon crystal into several wafers, which are then assembled into individual panels. Because monocrystalline solar panels are constructed from pure silicon, their dark black color can be easily identified. The use of pure silicon makes monocrystalline panels the most space-efficient and longest-lasting among all three solar panel types.

However, this comes at a cost, as up to fifty percent of the silicon used to produce a single monocrystalline cell is wasted. This results in a substantial cost.

 Polycrystalline crystal Solar panels

Unlike one-dimensional silicon crystals, these come from multiple silicon crystals instead of one. Due to the comparatively low amount of waste produced by polycrystalline cells, they are much more affordable. This is because not much waste occurs, and their characteristic square shape makes them even more attractive.

In addition, this reduces their efficiency in terms of energy conversion and space, as their silicon purity and construction are lower than monocrystalline panels. Furthermore, they have low heat tolerance, therefore they are inefficient in areas with high temperatures.

PEC (Passivated Emitter and Rear Cell) panels

In comparison with traditional monocrystalline cells, PERC solar panels offer several advantages. This technology adds a passivation layer to the rear surface of the cell that improves efficiency in several ways.

  • The material reflects light into the cell, increasing the amount of solar radiation that is absorbed.
  • As a result, it reduces the tendency for electrons to recombine and inhibits electron flow within the system.
  • A silicon wafer cannot absorb light waves over 1,180nm and simply passes through. Therefore, these light waves heat the metal back sheet of the cell and reduce its efficiency because they cannot be absorbed. By reflecting these higher wavelengths, the passivation layer prevents the back sheet from becoming heated.

As a result of their smaller physical footprint, PERC panels provide enhanced solar power collection in limited spaces. Despite the added materials required, these panels are only slightly more expensive to manufacture than conventional panels. However, they can be manufactured on the same equipment and can end up having a lower average cost per watt as a result of their increased efficiency.

thin-film technology Solar panels

It has very thin layers that are flexible enough to be a part of fine film panels. Unlike crystalline silicon panels, which are available in standardized sizes of 60, 72, and 96-cell counts, thin-film panels come in different sizes to meet specific needs. Each panel does not require a frame backing, making it lighter and easier to install. Nevertheless, these panels are less efficient than typical silicon solar panels.

Solar Power for the Home

Solar power can be used to power your entire home or just selected appliances. When you are ready to go solar, the first step is to determine how much power you will need to generate. This will help you determine the number and size of solar panels you will need. Once you have determined how much power you need, the next step is to select the right location for your solar panels. The location of your panels is important because they need to be in a place where they will get direct sunlight. If your panels are not in a sunny location, they will not be as effective at generating power. After you have selected the location for your solar panels, the next step is to install them. Solar panel installation is not difficult, but it is important to follow the instructions that come with your panels. Once your panels are installed, you will need to connect them to an inverter. An inverter converts the DC electricity generated by your solar panels into AC electricity that can be used by your home’s electrical system. Now that your solar panel system is up and running, you will need to maintain it. Solar panel maintenance is not difficult, but it is important to check your system regularly to make sure everything is working properly. You should also clean your solar panels regularly to keep them working efficiently.



There are many reasons to consider solar power for your home. Solar power is a clean and renewable energy source; it can save you money on your electricity bills and increase the value of your home. If you are considering solar power for your home, you should keep a few things in mind.You must have a south-facing roof that is not shaded by trees or other structures.. Second, you will need to calculate the size of the solar system that you will need based on your electricity usage. And third, you will need to decide whether you want to purchase or lease your solar system. If you are ready to make the switch to solar power, contact a reputable solar installer in your area to get started.


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